Publication Nature Climate Change

Monday, February 3, 2020

We are pleased to announce that MarBiol researcher Carl Van Colen and former colleague Ee Zin Ong recently published an article in the renowned scientific journal Nature Climate Change on the effect of clam feeding plasticity on the herbivore vulnerability to ocean warming and acidification.

Ocean warming and acidification affect species populations, but how interactions within communities are affected and how this translates into ecosystem functioning and resilience remain poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that experimental ocean warming and acidification significantly alters the interaction network among porewater nutrients, primary producers, herbivores and burrowing invertebrates in a seafloor sediment community, and is linked to behavioural plasticity in the clam Scrobicularia plana. Warming and acidification induced a shift in the clam’s feeding mode from predominantly suspension feeding under ambient conditions to deposit feeding with cascading effects on nutrient supply to primary producers. Surface-dwelling invertebrates were more tolerant to warming and acidification in the presence of S. plana, most probably due to the stimulatory effect of the clam on their microalgal food resources. This study demonstrates that predictions of population resilience to climate change require consideration of non-lethal effects such as behavioural changes of key species.

The full article can be consulted here: https://rdcu.be/b0xmS